Thank you so much, you killed the charade.
on this line in es_systems.cfg I just put the emulator name sub-replacing with% SYSTEM%
<command> python /usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/configgen/emulatorlauncher.pyc% CONTROLLERSCONFIG% -system fba_libretro -rom% ROM% -emulator% EMULATOR% -core% CORE% -ratio% RATIO%% NETPLAY % </ command>
you do not know how much time I lost in it looking in forums and topics, and I saw nowhere when it was explained that this parameter had to be changed.
Thank you very much for your help.